All You Need to Know About Carbon Steel Pipes

The comprehensive chemical and physical properties of carbon steel allow for a broad range of applications. Compared to other alloys of steel, carbon steel is the most frequently used steel type. In fact, most of the steel produced all over the world falls under the category of carbon steel.

The phrase ‘carbon steel’ refers to a variety of steel with carbon as the main alloying element. The properties of carbon steel pipes are mainly defined by the amount of carbon content. However, the amounts of other alloying elements such as manganese, chromium, niobium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, cobalt etc. are not defined.

Different Categories of Carbon Steel Pipes

There are five categories of carbon steel based on the carbon content. Mild and low carbon steel pipes contain very low percentages of carbon. The other three comprise a varied amount of carbon depending on their area of application.

Type of Carbon Steel            Carbon Content %

  1. Mild carbon steel 05 –            0.15
  2. Low carbon steel 16 –            0.29
  3. Medium carbon steel 30 –       0.59
  4. High carbon steel 60 –            0.99
  5. Ultra-high carbon steel 00 –     2.00

Normally, ultra high carbon steel pipes are very strong and hard. Also, they can undergo heat treatment successfully. However, the ductility is comparatively low.

Need and Application of Carbon Steel Pipes

Carbon steel pipes have an extensive application range. They are used for low pressure transportation of oil, gas, water, steam, chemicals, and other fluids. Also, they are used in the manufacturing of machinery, sprinkler systems, irrigation systems, and water wells. The construction industry also has a great use of carbon steel pipes.

Work ability of Carbon Steel Pipes

Similar to other metals, carbon steel pipes also offer certain challenges when working with them. Joining and cutting are two most important aspects of working with carbon steel. The method implemented for joining depends on the wall thickness, size, and use of the pipe. Welding is the most commonly used method for joining steel. Also, a variety of carbon steel pipe fittings are available for joining. However, the method for cutting is determined by the thickness and hardness of the pipe. Cutting can be accomplished by using a band saw, cutting torch, etc.

Sourcing Carbon Steel Pipes

A number of manufacturers in the US provide different grades of carbon steel pipes with standard specifications. You can also find certain manufacturers that provide customized options for mass production. The best way to find carbon steel pipe manufacturers is to look online. This will help you to compare the service, quality, and price. This way you can choose the one that meets your needs.