If you want to know detailed information about different types of steel, then there are so many of them. But all of them are not used in the industry. Because each type of steel has some specific set of appropriate benefits for certain industries, you need to know all the details about the different types of steel and their properties so that you can use them correctly in the respective industries you want. There are so many types of features of these steels, and you will understand the need for them in different sectors if you go through them carefully.
There are a lot of variants of steel in the market, and most of them are quite useful for industrial use. But if you want a successful usage of steel in your company, you must learn about all the details about a certain type of steel you are going to use. Here, we have discussed four types of arch city Steel, which will help you understand the material better.
- Boron Steel
The steel made with boron is quite useful for its high hardenability. Another important property of this metal is it is very ductile because of which if you give high impact to this steel it won’t it break, but only it will bend a bit. That is why most of the industries use this as their primary steel material. Moreover, it also has good formability and machinability, and that is a very important factor in choosing a good quality steel for business.
- Carbon Steel
Most of the carbon steel has a carbon content of about 0.06 to 0.9%. It is very useful in the non-corrosive environment, and that is why most of the chemical industries use carbon steel for their regular usage. It is also quite hard to do machining, and that is why there are so many industries where carbon steel has become an important raw material for manufacturing.
- Chromium Stainless Steel
The stainless steel made of chromium is also quite popular in the market because of its high resistance feature against oxidation and corrosion. It can also withstand high temperature, which is a very useful factor of any steel used in the industry. But this material is a bit brittle, and ductility is very low. So the industries which need a little bit of ductility don’t use this type of steel at all.
- Nickel-Chromium Steel
This steel is the alloy of nickel and chromium both, and it has awesome hardenability and abrasion resistance property. If you want a tough material to use in your manufacturing process in your company, this variant of steel is the best choice for you for sure.
These are the basic types of steel and their properties, which will help you understand the material better so that you can use them in your business efficiently. Steel is a very useful material and you have to know all the details of the material property to use it carefully.
Stainless steel is a versatile material composed of a steel alloy and a small percentage of chromium. The chromium presence contributes to the corrosion resistance of the material, a quality that acquired its name from stainless steel. Since stainless steel is also low-maintenance, resistant to oxidation, and does not damage other metals it comes into contact with, it is often used in a wide variety of applications, especially in the manufacture of piping and tubing. Stainless Steel Tube is broken down into several groups depending on the end-use of the pipe.
What are the alloys of stainless steel made of?
Stainless steel is by definition an iron alloy that contains at least 10.5% chromium. The types of alloys on the market are tremendously diverse, and each varies in its specific chemical shape. Increased strength, formability, and other stainless steel properties by mixing elements, such as Nickel, Molybdenum, Titanium, Carbon, Nitrogen, and Copper.
Stainless Steel Tube must follow guidelines for corrosion resistance in a specific environment to qualify as stainless steel. This resistance originates from the chromium oxide outer layer of the metal. A passivation layer is referred to as this microscopic surface film because it naturally interacts with oxygen present in the surrounding air and avoids any corrosion. If it experiences any damage, such as scratches or nicks, the layer will fix itself.
Stainless Steel Pipes Types
· Pressure Pipes and Tubes
The stainless steel pipes are designed for high pressure and high-temperature resistance. They are designed in large diameter and can be welded in compliance with specifications and requirements. These cylinders are made of a nickel and chrome or solid chromium-mix of austenitic and ferritic material. Both components add extra tubing resistance.
· Mechanical Tubes and Pipes
For applications such as valves, gears, and other hollow formed components, stainless steel mechanical tubing is commonly used. In addition to the more traditional circular tube cross-section, several cross-sectional shapes may be modified, for example, square and rectangular. The ASTM A511 and A554 grades are typically used for mechanical tubing.
· Stainless Steel Aircraft Tubing
The stainless steel type chromium and Nickel are used for high-specific aircraft applications, thanks to their hot and corrosion resistance. Tubing for aircraft with infinite steel can be work-hardened or welded in a high-strength facility, whereas other types of corrosive substances cannot be combined with work-hardened parts.
· Hydraulic-line tubing for aircraft
Another type of aircraft tubing is aerospace applications, hydraulic tubing, which tends to be thin as fuel injection lines and hydraulic systems. The high strength, corrosion resistance, and ductility of the material also allow it to be made of stainless steel types 304 or 304 L.
· Stainless steel corrosion-resistance tubing
This general type of steel is suitable for applications with corrosion resistance over other features. To be either heat-treated or annealed, ferritic or martensitic steel types are made. Austenitic intake steels are much longer-lasting and could be used under the same general conditions as ferritic and martensite types.
· Stainless Steel Sanitary Tubing
In installations where Stainless Steel Tube or pipe may contact food and other sensitive material, sanitary treatments are a high priority. In these applications, inoxidized steel sanitary tubing is used because it is rustproof, not tarnished, and simple to maintain. Different tolerances for different applications can be understood.
Alloy 400 is a nickel-copper alloy, commonly known as MONEL, resistant to seawater and steam at high temperatures and salt and caustic solutions. It is distinguished by strong general resistance to corrosion, good weldability, and moderate to high strength. In several uses, the alloy has been used. It has outstanding tolerance to brackish water or seawater rushing rapidly. When de-aerated, it is highly resistant to hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids. At room temperature, the metal is mildly magnetic. In the pharmaceutical, oil, and marine sectors, Nickel Alloy 400 Tubing is commonly used.
In subzero temperatures, nickel alloy 400 has excellent mechanical properties that can be used at temperatures up to 1000 ° F, and has a melting point of 2370-2460 ° F. However, in the annealed state, Alloy 400 is poor in strength, so a range of temperatures should be used to improve the strength. This Nickel Alloy 400 Tubing performs excellently in seawater, with better tolerance than other copper-base alloys to cavitation corrosion. Up to 80 per cent concentration at room temperature and up to 15 per cent sulphuric acid at boiling temperatures are also used to treat sulphuric acid.
A ductile nickel-copper alloy with resistance to a range of corrosive conditions is Alloy 400 (UNS N04400). In environments ranging from mildly oxidizing to neutral and under moderately decreasing conditions, the alloy is most commonly defined.
The alloy has a long history of use as a substance resistant to corrosion, going back to the early twentieth century when it was produced as an attempt to use nickel ore with high copper content. The ore content of nickel and copper was in the estimated proportion that is now officially defined for the alloy.
The most valuable materials to manufacture scientifically superior pipes and tubes for industrial uses are nickel alloys. For a wide variety of applications, their intrinsic properties make them viable. In high-temperature conditions, nickel alloys are highly corrosion resistant and can be used.
As nickel alloys are so ductile, they are machined to manufacture pipes and tubes easily while maintaining power. For example, this makes them ideal for heat exchangers in chemical manufacturing, which depends on tubing that can tolerate both the hot and corrosive environment. In steam engines, aircraft systems, and oil and gas exploration, Nickel Alloy 400 Tubing are also used.
There are quite a few types of nickel alloy pipes and tubes available on the market to satisfy the need for these high-quality products.
Pipes and tubes will also use the MONEL variety of nickel alloys. MONEL alloy 400 is a cost-effective alternative, but it can be hardened to provide a very tough result via hot or cold operation. It is on the market for decades and, because of its resistance to underwater corrosion, is a good option for marine applications.
· Heat exchangers
Nickel alloy pipes and tubes of diverse thicknesses and dimensions come with a variety of specifications. Pipes and tubes are flexible items, and a design is typically required for any project to satisfy every requirement.
AL6XN Tube is known for its amazing corrosion resistance property. Because of its high strength, weldability, formability and magnificent corrosion resistance, it is widely used. Owners can establish an accurate return on investment, as it offers a stable and reliable value. The loss in unplanned downtime, cost of maintenance and product loss with AL-6XN also contribute to this value.
AL-6XN Tubing is commonly used for its unique mechanical properties. It contains density (kg/m3) 8.055 gm/cm3. Because of its Tensile strength and Electrical Resistivity which is 8.89 x 10^ -7 Ω⋅m, AL-6XN Tubing offers satisfactory outcome.
AL-6XN Tubing alloys with Carbon (0.03 max), Phosphorous (0.04 max), molybdenum (6– 7), Silicon (1.00 max), Manganese (2 max), Copper (0.75 max), Chromium (20.0 – 22) and Iron.
Applications of Al6XN Tubing
AL6XN Tube is widely used in petrochemical, power generation, Gas Tube, Heat exchanger, Fluid Tube,
Oil Tube, Boiler. Apart from this, it is also being used in chemical industries, petrochemical, ore, power generation etc. Use of AL6XN Tubing in thermal processing applications is also increasing each passing day. It is used in Heat exchangers, Agitators and mixers, biopharma tanks and fermenters, Reverse osmosis, FGD scrubbers, Distillation columns, desalination, Pressure vessels, Manways, Seawater coolers in nuclear plants and many thermal processing applications.
Special Features of AL6XN Stainless Steel Tubing
AL6XN Stainless Steel Tubing is known for its high strength, excellent corrosion resistance property and many more features which are as follows-
- AL6XN Gas Tube is one of the best Stainless Steel Tubing which has high strength and rigidity.
- AL6XN has high weldability, It meets all the welding standards which can be welded using any welding techniques.
- AL6XN Stainless Steel Tubing has outstanding corrosion resistance property at high temperatures to crevice corrosions.
Why you Should use AL-6XN and its Benefits?
AL-6XN is the primary choice of the customers, because, it is a super austenitic alloy which exhibits excellent resistance. At the time, when a high concentration of chlorides, acidic pH levels, high temperature, and time of contact is introduced to the process, AL-6XN comes in 300 alloys series which include 316L/1.4435 and 304. ASME BPE standards accredited this alloy AL-6XN. The use of this alloy is rapidly increasing, because it offers a good return on investment by decreasing the loss of product and maintenance time repairing and replacing corroded parts. Because of many reasons, AL-6XN alloy attracts too many industries, it exhibits excellent corrosion resistance, cost-effective and easily available. The reason why industries prefer this alloy is that it offers a high return on investment and resistant. In 304 and 316 stainless steel, AL-6XN alloy exhibits strongest corrosion resistance in the forms of the crevice, pitting, and stress corrosion cracking.
- This alloy is very useful as it is resistant in hot and cold conditions to corrosion from different acids and salt solutions.
- It provides many cost benefits.
Classifications of AL6XN Tube
AL6XN Seamless and Welded Tubes are classified into followings tubes-
- AL6XN Welded Tube
- AL6XN Seamless Tube
In today’s market, there are many kinds of super austenitic, nickel-based alloys are available which offers excellent corrosion resistance. But other than corrosion resistance, many other factors should also be kept in mind while selecting such alloys. Good mechanical properties, fabrication characteristics of alloy and commercial availability should also be taken into consideration.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon which is considered as the strength of almost every city. Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is used in ships, trains, buildings, infrastructure, cars, machines, electrical appliances, Aircraft & Aerospace and in many other fields. Due to its versatile properties, it is influencing the world of metal. It is highly beneficial and has a high-strength application that is why it has been outlined in several grades of steel including 4130 tubing which is built for specific uses by American Iron Steel Institute (AISI) and Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). These are classified into 3 to 5-digit identifiers.
Because 4130 steel has an excellent strength-to-weight ratio and is considerably stronger and harder, it is commonly used alloy steel for many projects. 4130 tubing is not only harder than 1026 tubing but also has low carbon content, and its machines as quickly as 1018 carbon steel tubing. The only reason why 4130 tubing is the primary choice of the clients is that it is highly effective, flexible and provides many fabrication advantages. In this article, we will explore the strength and properties of 4130 steel. Besides this, this article will also help readers regarding why they should select 4130 steel and whether it will be fit for their specific jobs or not.
Industries Using 4130 TUBING –
The industries, which are using 4130 tubings are as follows-
- machine tools
- auto racing
- Hydraulic lines and tools
- motorcycle and bicycle frames
Know About The 4130 Steel’s Strength and Properties-
The AISI and SAE outline 4130 steel for its specific uses. The class of steel is designated by the alloy’s first digit, which includes one of its major alloying component(s). In contrast, the second digit represents the relative percentage of the alloying element. The last two digits represent the carbon concentration by 0.01%. 4130 steel is considered the part of the chromium-molybdenum steels with approximately 1% molybdenum/chromium. This high strength steel also includes 0.30% carbon. As per the study, it is found that 4130 steel is alloyed with 0.28 – 0.33% Carbon, 0.7 – 0.9% Manganese, 0.15 – 0.35% Silicon, 0.8 – 1.1% Chromium, 0.15 – 0.25% Molybdenum, less than and equal to 0.035% Phosphorus and less than and equal to 0.04 % Sulphur.
4130 steel is one of the best examples of low carbon steel; it has 0.28 – 0.33% Carbon with tolerance. It is useful in many ways, as it is 7.85 g/cm3 (0.284 lb/in3) in density and provides advantage from its heat-treatment hardening. The best thing about 4130 steel is that it is weldable in all commercial methods, and it can be easily machined in its tempered condition.
4130 steel is one of the strongest and harder steels with excellent strength. It has 205 GPa of modulus of elasticity and it cannot be bent easily and can return to its original form which is considered a great characteristic. The main objective of 4130 steel is to remain rigidly in place. Therefore, it is the primary choice of industries.
The AL-6XN alloy was originally designed to be a material with resistance to seawater. Since its creation, it has proven to be resistant to a lot of different corrosive environments. The resilience, corrosion resistance, and durability of this material make it ideal for various applications. It proves to be a better and more cost-effective alternative to more high-end nickel-based alloys.
Applications of AL-6XN
The high content of nickel and molybdenum offers more resistance to corrosion and cracking caused by chloride stress. Copper content has been kept at a residual level for better performance in seawater applications. Moreover, the composition of high allow in the AL-6XN alloy tubing protects from crevice corrosion and pitting corrosion. Following are some of the major applications of AL-6XN alloy –
- Water piping systems for nuclear power plants
- Process systems for offshore gas and oil platforms
- Chemical process pipelines and tanks
- Heat exchanger, condenser, piping for crude oil or seawater storage
- Vats, press oils, filter washed in pulp bleaching plants
- Tall oil distillation packing
- Transformer cases that are exposed to marine water
- Food processing equipment
- Pharmaceutical equipment
- Power plant fuel as a scrubber
Benefits Of Using Al-6xn Alloy
Following are some of the main benefits of using AL-6XN alloy tubing –
- It is Cost-Effective
It is often used as an effective alternative to non-metallic materials. The latter materials offer high corrosion resistance but come with high installation and maintenance costs. However, AL-6XN alloy has considerably fewer expenses than a lot of nickel-based alloys.
- It Offers Resistance to Corrosion
This alloy offers high corrosion resistance in acidic as well as alkaline environments. This ability offers protection against contamination and quick degradation of alloy-based components.
- It Comes with As-Welded Specifications
AL-6XM features low carbon and high nitrogen contents. This mitigates the carbides precipitation and secondary phases while welding. Therefore when suitable metal is being used, and the assembly is properly cleaned, as-welded materials can be placed in the process. This alloy can be efficiently welded into the field through a similar procedure used in other austenitic stainless steel.
- It is Highly Functional
The sturdiness and ductility of the AL-6XN alloy make the fabrication process easier both in the shop and field. The weldability and formability of the alloy are significantly better in comparison to duplex stainless steel or high alloy ferritic. And these materials offer similar corrosion resistance abilities.
AL-6XN alloy has an extensive application as it is denoted as a 6% moly super austenitic alloy offering chloride resistance found in sports brine, active pharmaceutical substance, barbecue sauce, and ketchup. Moreover, this alloy is an upgrade to 300 series alloy like 3014 and 316L/1.4435. It is identified as the UNS or Unified Numbering System designation of NO03867.
It contains 24% nickel, 6%molybdenum, 22% chromium and 10% nitrogen. There are many manufacturers who offer AL-6XN alloy tubing, but it is up to you to make an informed decision. Ensure that you choose a reputable manufacturer who uses the right chemical composition and high-quality raw materials to make the tubing.
There are many different materials for tubing, and your choice ultimately depends on either what your business needs or what will work best for your situation. Some of the most popular materials for tubing include stainless steel, titanium, and nickel. There is one material in particular, however, that has its slew of benefits and stands out in a couple of unique ways, yet there is often some confusion and misconception behind it. It is called chromium molybdenum, but, as a matter of fact, it goes by a handful of different names.
What is Chromium Molybdenum?
Chromium molybdenum is a material composed of the two titular elements in its name. Chromium, used in metal, is hard, shiny, and appeals cosmetically. Chromium is also used to make other alloys including stainless steel. Molybdenum is a light silver metal that makes the tubing ductile and resilient to corrosive substances. Together, they create an alloy that is strong, hard, rigid, resistant to corrosion, durable, and easy to fabricate.
Manufacturers, distributors, or merchants sometimes combine the two words and call it “chromoly”, “chromalloy”. or “chromimoly”. Some will even just combine their Periodic table abbreviations: CrMo. Regardless of what you or your provider calls this metal, it is associated with a four-digit code “4130”, which is a number assigned by The American Iron & Steel Institute. This code consists of two parts. The number “41” refers to a lot-alloy steel included in both these elements. The number “30” refers to the alloy’s carbon content, meaning that it contains a content of 0.30 percent. Thus, a low-carbon steel with a carbon content of 0.3 percent will happen to be 4130 tubing.
Chromium molybdenum is considered a high-quality metal with many advantages, but that also means the price for it is higher than other metals. Many buyers, though, have been willing to pay that price, knowing they have an alloy that works great and does not falter.
Uses for Chromium Molybdenum
Due to the durability and visual appeal of chromium molybdenum, it has a wide range of uses inside and outside industrial settings.
4130 tubing is capable enough of transferring liquid and gas from one place to another. Ideal for housing, boilers, and other important purposes, this tubing will be greatly beneficial in the sense that it will last for a number of years and will not rust doing so.
4130 is tough enough to be able to crush stone, earth, and other hard material. This alloy can be used to make blades, teeth, and other devices as part of a machine that can cut or break apart said materials.
Chromium molybdenum is used to make parts both for automobiles and bicycles. The alloy can easily be welded to make car bodies, but it can also be used inside of vehicles for parts that are designed to withstand fluids and last a long time without wearing out. Chromium molybdenum is highly dependable in these regards. Bike frames can also be made from 4130 tubing.
Chromium molybdenum can also be made into parts for power tools, especially drill bits and taps. This alloy is a strong, tough material that can pierce or drill through softer materials, such as wood or drywall, with enough torque.
Chromium molybdenum is a metallic alloy that is highly durable and strong, used for many different purposes. It is classified by a scientific code of 4130, and goes under several different names. Consider buying 4130 tubing for what you need inside or outside any industrial setting.
Stainless steel is commonly used in numerous applications. There numerous benefits associated with stainless steel which make it an ideal material for use in various applications. It includes highly corrosion-resistant chromium. If you need resistance in a pure water environment, then lower alloy grades are suitable for use. Stainless steel with alloyed nickel grades and high chromium ensures that high strength is retained. It checks scaling at extremely high temperatures also. Stainless steel as a material is highly affordable and has an extended life expectancy. Continue reading “Infographic: 7 Benefits of Stainless Steel”
Are you in search of the best quality of stainless steel pipes for use in a project? If you are, then you need to stick to the basics. First and foremost, find out what size of stainless steel pipe you require for the project. All pipes made from stainless steel are not of the same type. They have various shapes, measurements and applications. Take into consideration the measurement of the pipe which you want to buy. Tubing can be measured by the nominal inner diameter, or length and pipe schedule. Continue reading “How To Buy The Best Stainless Steel Pipes?”