How Stainless Steel is Used in a Wide Range of Industries?

Today, stainless steel has become necessary in a wide range of industries. Its unparalleled properties such as low cost of maintenance, its strength, and ability to withstand corrosion make it perfect for steel Mil-T-8808 tubing. The steel is 100% recyclable and has a better life cycle. Stainless steel is prepared in numerous forms that include sheets, plates, tubing, and bars that are used in domestic and industrial sites.

Many companies rely on steel Mil-T-8808 tubing for its long-lasting effect. Industries such as automotive and construction rely heavily on stainless steel. It is the most popular solution for many applications.

Applications of Stainless Steel

Construction and Architecture

Stainless steel is now used in modern construction due to its durability against corrosion, strength, and flexibility. It is commonly availed in the exterior covering for huge buildings as well as the interior in the form of backsplashes, handrails, and countertops.

The steel has low maintenance, easily welded, and a better finish which makes it be used mostly in the top modern architecture. Moreover, stainless steel is composed of 90% recycled material, so it is eco-friendly.

Transportation and Automotive

Ford Motor Company first used stainless steel in the year1930s to make different cars. Today, there is a high rate of stainless steel used in the automobile industry has been. It is being used in car exhaust tube systems. Stainless steel is also preferred by many food processing industries as it protects the environment from pollution.

Stainless steel is availed in different types of transportation such as refuse vehicles, ship containers, and road tankers. It works best when it comes to the transfer of food products, chemicals, and liquids. Its non-corrosion feature helps in reducing maintenance and cleaning costs.

Medical Industry

Stainless steel is also availed in the production of dental and surgical equipment along with operating tables, steam sterilizers, MRI scanners, and kidney dishes. Surgical implants and replacement joints like artificial hips use stainless steel. The steel plates and pins are commonly applied to fix any damaged or broken bones in their order.

Energy Industry

Gas, chemical, and oil industries usually work best in heavy-duty environments that involve highly dangerous substances and high heat. New and special categories of stainless steel have been created to fit in such harsh environments given its corrosion resistance. High-grade steel is increasingly used for the building of pipes, storage tanks, and valves. Renewable sources of energy such as wind power, solar, hydro, and geothermal also avail stainless steel due to its resistance in corrosion in different conditions.

Food and Catering Industry

Stainless steel is commonly used in kitchen accessories, cookware, and cutlery. The less ductile categories of steel are availed in the production of knives and other such sharp objects. Better ductile grades are thus applied in items that can be worked out into shape like grills, saucepans, cookers, and sinks. Stainless steel is also important as it is also used as an exterior finish for dishwashers, freezers, countertops, and refrigerators. It is also important for the manufacturing and storage of food as this does not spoil the food’s flavor. Stainless steel is also important in the production of ice creams.

In the end, stainless steel tubing is ideal for a wide range of industries and you can get it from an experienced and reliable supplier.

All You Need to Know about Nickel 718 Alloy

Not all metals can retain their strength when exposed to high temperatures or extreme cold. Nickel alloy 718 tubing, however, is a material worth knowing when it comes to that. This is one of the very few superalloys with such features.

In this article, we shall take a close look at nickel alloy 718 tubing and its impressive characteristics. In the engineering world, it is one of the most preferred material when dealing with high temperatures. A number of tests have been carried out on 718 and even in its application, it proves to be able to remain unchanged in structure when exposed to different temperatures. It even remains unchanged in extreme cold.

Its properties are unparalleled thanks to its composition of nickel, cobalt, and chromium. The composition is effective in resisting corrosion and oxidation which are elements that make so many other materials unsuitable for the applications in which 718 may be used.

The above are not the only composition of the alloy, it also has titanium, molybdenum, tantalum, and niobium all in varying compositions. The mixtures of these create a superalloy that suits the needs of engineers in different fields.

Retention Capacity

This is a material that is highly durable over time with no signs of degradation when exposed to different elements. Unlike other materials that can easily get disfigured in the process of welding or cooling, this alloy will heat and cool slowly while maintaining its shape.

Precipitation heat treatment at room temperature is remarkably enhanced to the extent that it can survive in severe environments.

Heat is used in varied ways to treat the alloy depending on what it will be used for. The way it is treated for use in the extreme cold will defer from the way it is treated for intense heat.

Many engineers are impressed by its versatility and the ease with which it can be welded without having to worry about cracks forming after the welding. This tubing shows superior characteristics when compared with other titanium-based alloys.

Uses

One of the areas where the alloy 718 is used is in aeronautic engineering. The jet engines are being constantly improved to make them more efficient and this alloy proves to be a reliable material to improve performance. But it’s not just performance, the alloy also proves to be cost-effective.

Engines need to be built with materials that can withstand the heat and remain in their original structure and free of corrosion. Engines will put the materials through mechanical strain as well as temperature stress and they need to be able to withstand it.

This alloy is used in different parts of jet engines as well as for making bolts and other components of jet engines. They are also used for rockets and machines that are used in very cold temperatures. There is also an application on land not just in the air where it is used to make sheet covering for engines that may heat up to very high temperatures as they operate.

There may be a few alloys that can provide similar functionality but when they are put side by side, 718 alloy will prove to be of superior grade.

Stainless Steel

Comparison Between Stainless Steel Types 304 and 316

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel contains low carbon and about 10 percent chromium, which makes it more resistant to corrosion and shiny on the surface. It has a wide range of applications, from the fabrication of chemical equipment, to food equipment and in architectural applications. The chromium that is added makes it possible for the metal to form a hard, adherent chromium oxide film that resists corrosion. In case the metal develops a scratch, the film will react with oxygen and self-heal. This explains why 316 stainless steel tube is used in adverse applications, and they remain functional for many years.

Both 304 and 316 stainless steel tube have a solid structure, are easy to work with, and corrosion-resistant. These properties make them suitable for outdoor landscaping and architectural uses. The main advantages of stainless steel include durability, the ability to remain attractive, and low maintenance, among others as outlined below.

  • High resistance to corrosion
  • Resistance to heat and fire
  • Hygienic to use
  • Maintains aesthetic appearance
  • It is strong but not heavy
  • Easy to fabricate
  • Resistance to impact
  • It is durable

Austenitic 304 and 316

Austenitic stainless steel is made up of either chromium and nickel or chromium and manganese. The carbon quantities are maintained at low levels of 0.08 percent as a maximum, while the chromium content is between 16 and 28 percent. Nickel, on the other hand, has to be between 3.5 and 32 percent.

These two types of stainless steel cannot be hardened by exposing them to heat, but high strength can be achieved by a process known as cold working. Compared to the other variations, they are more malleable, and they have high elasticity and high levels of strength. Because of these properties, they are used to manufacture drainage pipes, grates, floor sinks, and trench drains, among others.

Difference between Type 304 and Type 316

By observing these two types of metals physically, you will not be able to pick any differences. Their unique differences can be deduced from the chemical composition. A look at them separately will bring out their distinctive characteristics.

Type 304

This type of stainless steel is the most commonly used. It is made up of between 16 and 25 percent chromium and 36 percent nickel. It also has essential traces of carbon and manganese. The most common chemical combination is known as 18/8. This is because it contains 18 percent chromium and eight percent nickel. This amount of chromium content makes the metal more resistant to corrosion and oxidation. In its element, type 304 steel is malleable, versatile, and very durable. When used in delicate places such as in a meat processing plant, it inhibits the growth of bacteria, making it healthier.

Type 316

This steel type is also referred to as marine grade stainless steel and resembles the Type 304 in many ways. The only difference is that it contains a molybdenum content of between two and three percent. This molybdenum improves the resistance to corrosion further, making the metal suitable for use in places with salty water, hence the name marine grade. It is also used in extremely acidic environments. Coastal areas have salty particles in the air, and in such places, highly resistant metals such as Type 316 are used because they will not need to be replaced from time to time.

Industrial

The Application of 4130 Tubing in the Industrial World Today

Industrial

Steel has been considered as one of the oldest materials dating back to centuries in construction and manufacturing. 4130 alloy steel is a type of steel that responds better to heating treatment compared to other types of steel. It is, in fact, the most preferred metal to use for the manufacture of leading gears for aircraft including other applications in the metal industry. The strength of this steel can be amplified through heat treatment making it ideal for machining procedures like annealing and even normalizing. Before you buy 4130 tubing, check out below more amazing uses and applications of 4130 alloy steel in different facets of the economy today before you.

Constituents of 4130 Alloy Steel

There are a lot of elements that come together to form this form of steel. The list includes the main constituents which are chromium besides molybdenum in addition to other supplements that aid in the completion of metal — for instance phosphorus, sulfur, carbon, and silicon. Both molybdenum and chromium do contain alloy properties which are why they do make perfect material for the construction of the structural parts of an airplane. Understand these properties well before you set out to buy 4130 tubing from the market today.

The Reaction of Steel with Other Properties Due To Chromium and Molybdenum

Chromium

Chromium improves the material’s resistance to corrosion. This makes the metal long-lasting and you ultimately get value for your money. Chromium is also associated with improving the hardenability of the entire skill thus making the material it is used to build stronger too. Chromium as a component improves the quality of steel especially when the steel is under heat treatment at high temperatures.

Molybdenum

When this material is subjected to high heat for an elongated period, it slowly goes through a deformation process called creep. The level of creep on steel determines its actual strength. Molybdenum also amplifies the hardness of the final product. Your alloyed steel will, therefore, be stronger than you thought with the addition of this element.

Uses and Applications of 4130 Alloy

4130 has many industrial uses we know of today and below are just a few that you need to know about.

  • Used in the manufacture of roller bearings and even balls for different machines
  • Perfect for rock crushing automotive parts or machinery.
  • Widely preferred for resistance welding in most industries.
  • Can be used to make cutter tools like drills, milling cutters, and taps

In Conclusion

4130 alloy is widely recognized across the globe for their strength after undergoing heat treatment. You should, however, confirm with your supplier on the types and uses of different metals to improve the efficiency of your project by using the right materials.

Steel Tubes

4 Vital Applications Of Stainless Steel Tubes

Steel Tubes

When thinking of pipes, have you ever faced a head-scratching moment when thinking about safety, durability, and strength? Well, there are several solutions to that. One of them is using a 321 stainless steel tube.

By itself, stainless steel is not a naturally occurring metal. It is an alloy of chromium and iron as the main element. Chromium plays a vital role in reducing corrosion.

Increasing the percentage of chromium translates to increased resistance to corrosion. Other elements that are included in the alloy are molybdenum, nickel, manganese, silicon, and carbon. It is vital noting that these elements are added in varying proportions depending on the desired end product.

Applications

Stainless steel tubes are not restricted to round shapes. They can be oval, flat, and even rectangular-shaped and It all depends on the intended use. However, it is imperative noting that tubes are usually available in varying grades such as the 321 stainless steel tube. The following are some of the applications of stainless steel tubes.

  1. The auto industry

Ever came across a rumbling car? If you have, chances are the muffler was made out of a stainless steel tube. Car mufflers are in most cases located under the vehicles, and this makes them vulnerable to the elements. Corrosion occurs when oxygen reacts with metals to form an oxide.

If wrong metal materials are used, corrosion can prove to be an expensive affair if car exhaust systems are anything to go by.

  1. Production lines

Since the invention of the production line, more products can get to the consumers within a record time. However, it is imperative having in mind that improper handling of some products during manufacturing can result in some illnesses or the goods going bad.

To write-off the possibilities of such eventualities, some safety measures must be met. Milk, water, soft drinks, alcoholic beverages, and other liquids need handling with maximum safety in mind. And one of the best ways of achieving that is by using stainless steel tubes when transferring fluids between vessels.

  1. Gas lines

Since its discovery, the domestic or cooking gas has proved to be a valuable commodity over the years. Whether at home or in a commercial kitchen, you don’t want to take chances when handling this commodity. The most suitable method of getting it to your burner(s) is through stainless steel piping.

Why preferably stainless steel over other metals? Over time other metal may be susceptible to corrosion which can prove costly and sometimes undetectable if the corrosion occurs from the inside.

  1. Construction

Stainless steel tubes are also used in construction. Their strength can be instrumental when considering a building’s stability. It is also vital noting that using piping with a low resistance to corrosion in buildings can prove costly when doing repairs

Stainless steel tubes offer the best resistance to corrosion and especially from inside the pipes.

Summary

The applications of stainless steel tubing are vast. From the uses mentioned above, three things are evident. They keep corrosion away, maintain safety, and don’t subject you to losses. They come in various specifications, and one such example is the 321 stainless steel tube.

Stainless Steel

Know about the Versatile Applications of Stainless Steel Pipes

Stainless Steel

The stainless steel pipe range has several variations, some of which may include rims, unseamed pipes, and welded pipes. This makes it challenging to decide which one would fit into your application. Each pipe has its unique feature that makes it suitable for its intended use. To understand the different pipes alongside their applications, you will need to get information on the different types, how they are used, and which industry they are best suited for.

To help you better understand the applications of stainless steel pipe, we have compiled this information here.

Variations of Steel Pipes

Stainless steel pipes come in many forms. Once you understand this, it will be easier to understand their different applications.

Flanges

These are more of accessories used to join pipes. They come in different forms, some of which include lap joints, threaded flanges, semi threaded flanges, blinds, and slip-ons. They are usually made from sturdy material so that they can be more durable.

Seamless Pipe

This type of pipe doesn’t have any joints, and as for that reason, it is robust and can withstand immense pressure, and temperature because of the durable nature of steel. Seamless pipes are used with delicate substances such as gas and oil because they have the lowest chance of developing leakages. These pipes are manufactured under very close supervision because they cannot be faulty.

Spectacle Blinds

Spectacle blinds are used in places that need frequent inspection and maintenance. These pipes allow for isolation when repairs need to be carried out in a specific section of the system. This is a critical kind of pipe and one that should be manufactured under strict supervision to ensure it is of the best quality.

Welded Pipes

Welded pipes are general application pipes that can be used in almost any industry. They are flexible but work best in a corrosive environment as opposed to a high-pressure environment. Another factor that makes welded pipes more common than the rest is the fact that they weigh less and are more affordable.

Applications of Stainless Steel Pipes

Oil and Gas Industry

Because of its volatile nature, the oil and gas industry need pipes that can withstand corrosion and handle high levels of pressure. Pipes in this industry are installed deep in the ground, and leakage will lead to sipping of oil into the ground. This will eventually affect both plants and animals within the vicinity of the pipe leakage.

Mining Industry

When mining metals and other substances from the ground, high-quality steel pipes will need to be installed in the mines. Safety is a primary need here and as such the steel should be strong enough to withstand extremely high pressure.

Nuclear Power

This is another very volatile industry where steel pipes find an application. The nuclear energy produced is obtained from intense steam that can run turbines and as a result, supply energy. These industries are mostly located on the coast such that the water being used is from the sea. High-quality steel pipes like 316 type are essential here because leakage can cause much damage to equipment and even to human life.

Steel Pipes

Brief Guide: Applications of Steel Tubes Vs Steel Pipes

Steel Pipes

Steel is a highly versatile material and if you don’t believe take a look at your surroundings. For instance, plumbing in the office or home will often make use of steel at some point. Deciding whether to go for 316 seamless tube or simply make use of pipe can be a rather tricky affair. In this article, we look at some of the things to consider when choosing between steel tubing or piping for your intended purpose.

Properties of Steel

Before we delve into the characteristics to look out for, let us take a sneak peek at the properties that give 316 seamless tube made of steel its versatility.

Anti-Corrosion

A key property of the metal is its ability to withstand corrosion. This property has seen steel being favored in the medical industry, various manufacturing and processing sectors as well as in plumbing works. Another added advantage is its ability to resist mold and termites. These two properties have seen the metal being favored in ventilation as well as construction works.

Stability

When undertaking any structural work or building a home, you want to find materials that maintain the structural integrity of your works regardless of the changes in moisture. The ability of steel to do so has seen it become popular in various sectors of the construction industry.

Environmental Friendly

The world today is a lot more concerned about the health, safety, and future of the environment. Steel appeals to most users since it is an alternative to timber. By being more durable and recyclable, it helps decrease the demand for wood, especially in the construction industry. The end result is that it helps decrease the rate at which trees are cut down and increases chances of carbon sequestering.

Tubing Vs Piping

A key determining factor of which of the two options to go for is the strength needed. The more strength you require your applications to have then tubing is your safest bet. The shape of the two is also a determining factor albeit minor. Steel piping will generally be circular and thus might be limiting. Tubing, on the other hand, comes in various shapes and sizes allowing for more flexibility.

If your intended use relies more on the inner diameter then pipes are what you should look at but if you are more concerned about the exterior diameter then tubes are your best bet.

If you are looking for malleability then tubes are the way to go. Both pipes and tubes are considered to be rather rigid but pipes are way harder to manipulate than tubes. If you are sensitive about the way in which your metal is galvanized, then you get the option of either cold or hot rolled. Pipes come in one form of galvanizing — hot rolled.

Steel is by far one of the most widely used materials today. You can rely on materials such as 316 steel tubing for a good number of applications and ensure you choose a reliable supplier.

Nickel

All You Need to Know about Nickel

Nickel

This is a hard and shiny metal with a number of applications for our daily life. You can find it in batteries as well as stainless steel used in making surgical tools and as nickel alloy 20 tubing.

Characteristics of Nickel

  • It is a strong metal that can react with oxygen
  • It combines with iron to achieve its stable property
  • Nickel alloy 20 tubing is corrosion resistant and can be used to strengthen other metals
  • It is easy to shape into different shapes like cylindrical tubes, wire, and rods

Although nickel is said to be one of the most abundant metals, it is not easily found on the surface of the earth.

Extraction and Production of Nickel

Nickel mining is done in 23 countries around the globe. Its extraction is done from sulfides that contain about 1 percent nickel.

The mining of nickel sulfides can be highly labor-intensive since the ores need to be mined from very deep into the earth’s surface. This also makes the process expensive and eventually affects the price of nickel. The mining process may vary according to the area where it is done, for example, the sulfides mined in Canada are more expensive to mine than those in Siberia.

To extract nickel, impurities are removed from the sulfides, but usually, these impurities will contain other valuable minerals.

The production process will involve different stages which may include smelting, the addition of chemicals that can separate the ores, magnetization as well as drying in a furnace.

Usage

There are several ways in which nickel is put to use, but the most common would be in the making of batteries as well as creating alloys like stainless steel. Around the world, nickel is utilized in over 300,000 ways.

The making of stainless steel accounts for over 60% of the use of nickel. There are different types of stainless steel including some that are magnetic as well as non-magnetic steel.

Nickel can be combined with other metals to make strong alloys like the 300 series which are highly corrosion resistant. Different alloys are made using nickel and the way they are made is determined by what they are intended to be used for. The amount of nickel used in making the alloy also varies depending on how resistant to corrosion it is supposed to be.

History of Nickel

Ancient Chinese documents from the 1500s indicate that they were mining nickel already. At that time they referred to it as white copper which was probably because of its combination with silver. Later on in 1751, Alex Fredrich is recorded to have extracted the first pure nickel.

There are also reports of extracting copper from nickel in Germany where they referred to it as “the devil’s copper” since it contained the poisonous compound arsenic.

It was not until 1889 when nickel was presented as a metal that can be used to strengthen ordinary metals. This raised demand for it and after world war II there was an even higher demand for nickel which is now mined on a large scale and used in different applications.

Stainless Steel

Quick Guide: Types of Elements Found in Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a type of metal alloy found in a number of forms. It is used to make light wall stainless steel tubing as well as pipes and several other things. It is a practical metal as it does not corrode with chemicals nor rust which causes most of the metallic things we use to get made of stainless steel. Components found in stainless steel include molybdenum, nickel, carbon, chromium, iron and quantities of different other metals. Continue reading “Quick Guide: Types of Elements Found in Stainless Steel”